Dr. Simon Blackwell

  Department
  Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy

  Bochumer Fenster 3/ 05
  Massenbergstraße 9-13
  D-44787 Bochum


  Tel:  +49 (0)234 32 - 21502
  Fax: +49 (0)234 32 - 14369

  simon.blackwell@rub.de

  ORC ID
  Research Gate
  Google Scholar

Position

Postdoctoral Researcher

 

Main research interests

  • Positive mental imagery, from psychopathology (depression, anhedonia) to positive aspects of mental health (optimism, resilience)
  • Identifying novel cognitive targets for interventions (e.g. positive mental imagery) and low-
    intensity intervention approaches (e.g. internet delivery)
  • Translational research methods, from single case-series to randomized controlled trials

 

VitaZum Seitenanfang

Education
 

2016 – 2017 Doktor der Philosophie (Dr. phil.), Faculty of Psychology, Ruhr-Universität Bochum. Grade awarded: summa cum laude.
2005 – 2008 Doctorate in Clinical Psychology (D.Clin.Psych.), University of Oxford
2004 – 2005 MSc Research in Psychology, University of Oxford
1999 - 2002 BA(Hons) Natural Sciences, University of Cambridge

 

Professional Experience Zum Seitenanfang
 

2015 – present Postdoctoral Researcher, Mental Health Research and Treatment Center, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany
2015 – 2017 Visiting Scientist, Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
2015 – 2016 Junior Research Fellow, Wolfson College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
2012 – 2015 Investigator Scientist, Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
2010 – 2012 Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
2008 – 2010 Clinical Psychologist, Psychological Services, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK

 

Publications Zum Seitenanfang


Preprints

 

Peer Reviewed

in press

Blackwell, S. E., Woud, M., Margraf, J., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (in press). Introducing the leapfrog design: A simple Bayesian adaptive rolling trial design for accelerated treatment development and optimization. Clinical Psychological Science (view preprint version)

 

Blackwell, S. E. (in press). Mental imagery: from basic research to clinical practice. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration. doi: 10.1037/int0000108 (view article or manuscript version)

Kessler, H., Schmidt, A.-C., James, E. L., Blackwell, S. E., von Rauchhaupt, M., Harren, K., Kehyayan, A., Clark, I. A., Sauvage, M., Herpertz, S., Axmacher, N., & Holmes, E. A. (in press). Visuospatial computer game play after memory reactivation delivered three days after a traumatic film reduces the number of intrusive memories of the experimental trauma. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.01.006 (view article)

 

2019

Velten, J., Blackwell, S. E., Margraf, J., & Woud, M. L. (2019). Assessing Cognitive Appraisals Related to Sexual Function: A Scenario-Based Approach. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 48, 781-794. doi: 10.1007/s10508-019-1398-5 (view article)

 

Woud, M. L., Cwik, J. C., de Kleine, R. A., Blackwell, S. E., Würtz, F., Margraf, J. (2019). Assessing trauma-related appraisals by means of a scenario-based approach. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 43, 185-198. doi: 10.1007/s10608-018-9956-z (view article)

 

Murphy, F. C., Peers, P. V., Blackwell, S. E., Holmes, E. A., & Manly, T. (2019). Anticipated and imagined futures: prospective cognition and depressed mood following brain injury. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58, 91-109. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12202 (view article)

 

 

2018

Kessler, H., Holmes, E. A., Blackwell, S. E., Schmidt, A., Schweer, J. M., Bücker, A., Herpertz, S., Axmacher, N., Kehyayan, A. (2018). Reducing intrusive memories of trauma using a visuospatial interference intervention with inpatients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 86, 1076-1090. doi: 10.1037/ccp0000340 (view article)

 

Hales, S. A., Di Simplicio, M., Iyadurai, L., Blackwell, S. E., Young, K., Fairburn, C. G., Geddes, J. R., Goodwin, G. M., & Holmes, E. A. (2018). Imagery-focused cognitive therapy (ImCT) for mood instability and anxiety in a small sample of patients with bipolar disorder: a pilot clinical audit. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 46, 706-725. doi: 10.1017/S1352465818000334  (view article)

 

Blackwell, S.E., Westermann, K., Woud, M.L., Cwik, J.C., Neher, T., Graz, C., Nyhuis, P.W., Margraf., J. (2018). Computerized positive mental imagery training versus cognitive contorl training versus treatment as usual in inpatient menthal health settings: study protocol for a randomized controlled feasibility trial. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 4:133.
doi: 10.1186/s40814-018-0325-1.
  (view article)

 

Iyadurai, L., Blackwell, S. E., Meiser-Stedman, R., Watson, P. C., Bonsall, M. B., Geddes, J. R., Nobre, A.C. &. Holmes, E. A. (2018). Preventing intrusive memories after trauma via a brief intervention involving Tetris computer game play in the emergency department: a proof-of-concept randomized controlled trial. Molecular Psychiatry, 23, 674-682. doi: 10.1038/mp.2017.23 (view article)

 

Pile, V., Smith, P., Leamy, M., Blackwell, S. E., Meiser-Stedman, R., Stringer, D., Ryan, E. G., Dunn, B. D., Holmes, E. A., & Lau, J. Y. F. (2018). A brief early intervention for adolescent depression that targets emotional mental images and memories: protocol for a feasibility randomised controlled trial (IMAGINE trial). Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 4, 97. doi: 10.1186/s40814-018-0287-3 (view article)

 

Woud, M. L., Blackwell, S. E., Cwik, J. C., Margraf, J., Holmes, E. A., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Herpertz, S., & Kessler, H. (2018). Augmenting inpatient treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder with a computerized cognitive bias modification procedure targeting appraisals (CBM-App): Protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMJ Open, 8: e019964. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019964 (view article)

 

Woud, M. L., Blackwell, S. E., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Browning, M., Holmes, E. A., Harmer, C. J., Margraf, J., & Reinecke, A. (2018). Investigating d-cycloserine as a potential pharmacological enhancer of an emotional bias learning procedure. Psychopharmacology, 32, 569-577. doi: 10.1177/0269881118754679 (view article)

 

Woud, M. L., Zlomuzica, A., Cwik, J., Margraf, J., Shrekli, L., Blackwell, S. E., Gladwin, T., & Ehring, T. (2018). Effects of appraisal training on responses to recalling a distressing autobiographical event. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 56, 26-34. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2018.03.010 (view article)

 

Woud, M. L., Cwik, J. C., Blackwell, S. E., Kleim, B., Holmes, E. A., Adolph, D., Zhang, H., & Margraf, J. (2018). Does napping enhance the effects of Cognitive Bias Modification-Appraisal training? An experimental study. PLoS ONE 13(2): e0192837. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192837 (view article)

 

2017

Blackwell, S. E., Woud, M. L, & MacLeod, C. (2017) A question of control? Examining the role of control conditions in experimental psychopathology using the example of cognitive bias modification research. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 20: e54. doi: 10.1017/sjp.2017.41 (view article or download pdf)

Renner, F., Ji, J. L., Pictet, A., Holmes, E. A., & Blackwell, S. E. (2017). Effects of engaging in repeated mental imagery of future positive events on behavioural activation in individuals with major depressive disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 41, 369-380. doi: 10.1007/s10608-016-9776-y (view article)

 

Murphy, S. E., O’Donoghue, M. C., Blackwell, S. E., Nobre, A. C., Browning, M., & Holmes, E. A. (2017). Increased rostral anterior cingulate activity following positive mental imagery training in healthy older adults. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 12, 1950-1958. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsx120 (view article)

 

de Voogd, L., de Hullu, E., Burnett Heyes, S., Blackwell, S. E., Wiers, R. W., Salemink, E. (2017). Imagine the bright side of life: A randomized controlled trial of two types of interpretation bias modification procedure targeting adolescent anxiety and depression. PLoS ONE 12(7): e0181147. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181147. (view article)

 

Blackwell, S. E., & Holmes, E. A. (2017). Brightening the day with flashes of positive mental imagery: a case study of an individual with depression. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 73, 579-589. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22455 (view article)

 

Horsch, A., Vial, Y., Favrod, C., Harari, M. M., Blackwell, S. E., Watson, P., Iyadurai, L., Bonsall, M. B., & Holmes, E. A. (2017). Reducing intrusive traumatic memories after emergency caesarean section: a proof-of-principle randomized controlled study. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 94, 36-47. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2017.03.018 (view article)

 

Burnett Heyes, S., Pictet, A., Mitchell, H., Raeder, S. M., Lau, J. Y. F., Holmes, E. A., & Blackwell, S.E. (2017). Mental imagery-based training to modify mood and cognitive bias in adolescents. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 41, 73-88. doi: 10.1007/s10608-016-9795-8 (view article)

 

Ji, J. L., Holmes, E. A., & Blackwell, S. E. (2017). Seeing light at the end of the tunnel: positive prospective mental imagery and optimism in depression. Psychiatry Research, 247, 155-162. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.11.025 (view article)

 

Hitchcock, C., Werner-Seidler, A., Blackwell, S. E., & Dalgleish, T. (2017). Autobiographical episodic memory-based training for the treatment of mood, anxiety and stress-related disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 52, 92-107. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2016.12.003 (view article)

 

Wannemueller, A., Adoph, D., Joehren, H., Blackwell, S. E. & Margraf, J. (2017). Psychophysiological reactivity of currently dental phobic-, remitted dental phobic- and never-dental phobic individuals during exposure to dental-related and other affect-inducing materials. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 90, 76-86. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2016.12.009 (view article)

 

Cwik, J. C., Till, B., Bieda, A., Blackwell, S. E., Walter, C., Teismann, T. (2017). Measuring attitudes towards suicide: Preliminary evaluation of an attitude towards suicide scale. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 72, 56-65. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2016.09.008 (view article)

 

2016

Di Simplicio, M., Renner, F., Blackwell, S. E., Mitchell, H., Stratford, H. J., Watson, P., Myers, N., Nobre, A. C., Lau-Zhu, A., & Holmes, E. A. (2016). An investigation of mental imagery in bipolar disorder: Exploring “the mind’s eye”. Bipolar Disorders, 18, 669-683. doi:  10.1111/bdi.12453 (view article)

 

Moss, A., Curran, H. V., Bloomfield, M. A. P., Kamboj, S. K., Blackwell, S. E., & Freeman, T. P. (2016). Bringing together pharmacological and psychological approaches to mental health research. Lancet Psychiatry, 3, 700-702, doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30080-3 (view article)

 

Holmes, E. A., Bonsall, M. B., Hales, S. A., Mitchell, H., Renner, F., Blackwell, S. E., Watson, P., Goodwin, G. M., & Di Simplicio, M. (2016). Applications of time-series analysis to mood fluctuations in bipolar disorder to promote treatment innovation: A case series. Translational Psychiatry, 6, e720. doi:10.1038/tp.2015.207 (view article)

 

Holmes, E. A., Blackwell, S. E., Burnett Heyes, S., Renner, F., & Raes, F. (2016). Mental imagery in depression: phenomenology, potential mechanisms, and treatment implications. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 12. doi: 10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-021815-092925 (view article)

 

2015

 

Blackwell, S. E., Browning, M., Mathews, A., Pictet, A., Welch, J., Davies, J., Watson, P., Geddes, J. R., & Holmes, E. A. (2015). Positive imagery-based cognitive bias modification as a web-based treatment tool for depressed adults: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Psychological Science, 3, 91-111. doi: 10.1177/2167702614560746 (view article)

 

Murphy, S. E., O’Donoghue, C. M., Drazich, E. H. S., Blackwell, S. E., Nobre, A. C., & Holmes, E. A. (2015). Imagining a brighter future: the effect of positive imagery training on mood, prospective mental imagery and emotional bias in older adults. Psychiatry Research, 230, 36-43. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.07.059 (view article)

 

Williams, A. D., O’Moore, K., Blackwell, S. E., Smith, J., Holmes, E. A., & Andrews, G. (2015). Positive imagery cognitive bias modification (CBM) and internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT): A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Affective Disorders, 178, 131-141. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.02.026 (view article)

 

Stratford, H. J., Cooper, M. J., Di Simplicio, M., Blackwell, S. E., & Holmes, E. A. (2015). Psychological therapy for anxiety in bipolar spectrum disorders: a systematic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 35, 19-34. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2014.11.002 (view article)

 

2014

 

Torkan, H., Blackwell, S. E., Holmes, E. A., Kalantari, M., Neshat-Doost, H. T., Maroufi, M., & Talebi, H. (2014). Positive imagery cognitive bias modification in treatment-seeking patients with major depression in Iran: a pilot study. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 38, 132-145. doi: 10.1007/s10608-014-9598-8 (view article)

 

Rohrbacher, H., Blackwell, S. E., Holmes, E. A. & Reinecke, A. (2014). Optimizing the ingredients for imagery-based interpretation bias modification for depressed mood: is self-generation more effective than imagination alone? Journal of Affective Disorders, 152-154, 212-218. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2013.09.013 (view article)

 

Clarke, P. J. F., Nanthakumar, S., Notebaert, L., Holmes, E. A., Blackwell, S. E., & MacLeod, C. (2014).  Simply imagining sunshine, lollipops and rainbows will not budge the bias: The role of ambiguity in interpretive bias modification. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 38, 120-131. doi: 10.1007/s10608-013-9564-x (view article)

 

Vassilopoulos, S.P., Blackwell, S. E., Missailidi, P., Kyritsi, A., & Ayfanti, M. (2014). The differential effects of written and spoken presentation for the modification of interpretation and judgmental bias in children. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 42, 535-554. doi: 10.1017/S1352465813000301 (view article)

 

2013

 

Williams, A. D., Blackwell, S. E., Holmes, E. A., & Andrews, G. (2013). Positive imagery cognitive bias modification (CBM) and internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) versus control CBM and iCBT for depression: Study protocol for a parallel-group randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 3: e004049. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-004049 (view article)

 

Williams, A. D., Blackwell, S. E., Mackenzie, A., Holmes, E. A., & Andrews, G. (2013). Combining imagination and reason in the treatment of depression: A randomized controlled trial of internet-based cognitive bias modification and internet-CBT for depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81, 793-799. doi: 10.1037/a0033247 (view article)

 

Blackwell, S. E., Rius-Ottenheim, N., Schulte-van Maaren, Y. W. M., Carlier, I. V. E., Middelkoop, V. D., Zitman, F. G., Spinhoven, P., Holmes, E. A., & Giltay, E. J. (2013). Optimism and mental imagery: a possible cognitive marker to promote wellbeing? Psychiatry Research, 206, 56-61. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.09.047 (view article)

 

Browning, M., Blackwell, S. E., & Holmes, E. A. (2013). The use of cognitive bias modification and imagery in the understanding and treatment of depression. Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences, 14, 243–260. doi: 10.1007/7854_2012_212 (view article)

 

2012

 

Lang, T. J., Blackwell, S. E., Harmer, C., Davison, P., & Holmes, E. A. (2012). Cognitive bias modification using mental imagery for depression: developing a novel computerized intervention to change negative thinking styles. European Journal of Personality, 26, 145-157. doi: 10.100/per.855 (view article)

 

Davies, C., Malik, A., Pictet, A., Blackwell, S. E., & Holmes, E. A. (2012). Involuntary Memories after a Positive Film are Dampened by a Visuospatial Task: Unhelpful in Depression but Helpful in Mania? Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 19, 341-351. doi: 10.1002/cpp.1800 (view article)

 

Vassilopolous, S. P., Blackwell, S. E., Moberly, N. J., & Karahaliou, E. (2012). Comparing imagery and verbal training instructions for the experimental modification of interpretation and judgmental bias in children. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 43, 594-601. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2011.08.004 (view article)

 

2011

 

Holmes, E. A., James, E. L., Blackwell, S. E., & Hales, S. (2011). ‘They flash upon that inward eye’. The Psychologist, 24, 340-343. (view article)

 

2010

 

Blackwell, S. E., & Holmes, E. A. (2010). Modifying interpretation and imagination in clinical depression: A single case series using cognitive bias modification. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24, 338-350. doi: 10.1002/acp.1680 (view article)

 

1999

 

Podczeck, F., Blackwell, S., Gold, M., & Newton, J.M. (1999). The filling of granules into hard gelatine capsules. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 188, 59-69. doi10.1016/S0378-5173(99)00208-2 (view article)

 

Book chapters

Kessler, H., Blackwell, S. E., & Kehyayan, A. (2017). Reconsolidation and trauma memory. In N. Axmacher & B. Rasch (Eds.), Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory Consolidation. Basel: Springer. (view chapter)

Hales, S., Blackwell, S. E., Di Simplicio, M., Iyadurai, L., Young, K., & Holmes, E. A. (2014). Imagery-based cognitive-behavioral assessment. In G. P. Brown & D. A. Clark (Eds.), Assessment in Cognitive Therapy. New York: Guilford Press. (view chapter) (Download Microformulation Template)

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