·      After experiencing a frightening and distressing event like an earthquake, it is common for children to display stress reactions. These reactions can take many forms, such as feeling sad, having unwanted or upsetting thoughts, being withdrawn, clinging to parents, fear of being left alone, bedwetting, difficulty sleeping, flashbacks, nightmares, headaches, stomach-aches, loss of appetite, irritability, aggression, and poor concentration.

·      Try to be patient with your children and avoid criticizing them for any changes in their behavior or emotions. Allow time for them to adjust and recover. Time is a remarkable healer for most children, and adults.

·      There are also effective psychological treatments for trauma. Even if these are not immediately available, they can still be helpful to seek out later if needed. If you’re concerned about how your child is coping, talk to a psychologist/psychotherapist, doctor, health professional or your child’s teacher.

·      When a child wants to talk about their feelings, stop what you are doing and listen carefully. Avoid telling your child how they should feel. Talking or drawing can help children get in touch with their feelings. Follow your child’s lead and don’t force them to talk.

·      Discuss and consider with your child what can comfort: Positive time together, physical closeness and affection and adherence to cherished family rituals comfort and provide security.