Jun.-Prof. Dr. Marcella Woud

of Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Bochumer Fenster 3/ 05
Massenbergstraße 9-13
D-44787 Bochum

Tel: +49 (0)234 32 - 21502
Fax: +49 (0)234 32 - 14369

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Junior Professor of “Clinical Psychology and Experimental Psychopathology”



Main research interests

  • Clinical and experimental studies on (dysfunctional) cognitive processes in emotional psychopathology
  • Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM), e.g., CBM Appraisal and Interpretation training
  • Anxiety disorders (posttraumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety) and depression
  • Psychophysiological and neuronal mechanisms underlying dysfunctional cognitive processes



Curriculum Vitae


  • 2015 – 2020
  • Licensed Psychotherapist in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Forschungs- und Behandlungszentrum für psychische Gesundheit, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany
  • 2008 – 2013
  • Ph.D. student with Prof. Dr. E.S. Becker and Dr. M. Rinck at Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud  University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands  Ph.D thesis:  "Dysfunctional Automatic Associations and Interpretation in Psychopathology" (cum laude, i.e., highest possible distinction for a Ph.D in the Netherlands).
  • 2006 - 2008
  • Master of Behavioural Sciences (cum laude), Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • 2003 – 2006
  • Bachelor Clinical Psychology (cum laude), Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • 1999 - 2003
  • Bachelor Social Work (cum laude), Hogeschool Arnhem & Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands




    Professional experience Zum Seitenanfang

  • Present
  • Junior Professor of “Clinical Psychologie and Experimental Psychopathology”
  • 2017 – Present
  • CBT Psychotherapist at the Forschungs- und Behandlungszentrum für psychische Gesundheit (FBZ), Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany
  • 2013 – 2021
  • Postdoctoral Research Fellow with Humboldt-Professor J. Margraf, Center for the Study and Treatment of Mental Health, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany

    Parental leaves: 24.12.2015 – 31.09.2016 and 19.10.2017 – 21.09.2019
  • 2008 – 2013
  • Docent at Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
  • 2005 – 2008
  • Research assistant to Prof. Dr. E.S. Becker and Dr. M. Rinck at Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • 2004 – 2006
  • Teaching assistant for Methods & Statistics to Dr. J. Ellis, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • 2002 – 2008
  • Social worker at the Child and Youth Psychiatry ‘Herlaarhof’, Rainier van Arkel Stichting,‘s- Hertogenbosch





    International research visits Zum Seitenanfang

  • 2013
  • Visiting PhD student for 3 months at Harvard University (Cambridge, MA, USA) in collaboration with Prof. Dr. Richard McNally 
  • 2010
  • Visiting PhD student for 6 months at the University of Western Australia (UWA, Perth, Australia) in collaboration with Prof. Dr. Colin MacLeod
  • 2007-2008
  • Research internship with Prof. Dr. Emily A. Holmes (University of Oxford, UK) and Dr. Bundy Mackintosh (University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK)



    Research Team


  • 08/21 – present
  • Dr. Fanny Dietel: The role of computerized interpretation training as treatment adjunct in social anxiety disorder (Emmy Noether project), Ruhr University Bochum


  • 09/21 – present
  • M.Sc. Annalisa Lipp: The effects of contingency instructions (CI) on fear extinction and extinction retrieval in patients with anxiety disorders and healthy controls (SFB project), Ruhr University Bochum (2nd supervisor)
  • 09/21 – present
  • M.Sc. Beray Macit: The effects of CBM-contingency training on coping ability, therapy outcome, and generalization of therapeutic effects (SFB project), Ruhr University Bochum
  • 09/21 – present
  • M.Sc. Marius Kunna: The underlying mechanisms of computerized interpretation training in the context of social anxiety (Emmy Noether project), Ruhr University Bochum
  • 03/21 – present
  • M.Sc. Maren Schlimm: Positivity-AAT-Training as treatment adjunct in depression, Radboud Universiy Nijmegen, NL (2nd supervisor)
  • 01/21 – present
  • M.Sc. Peter Hähner: Perception of major life events and its effects on personality and mental health, Ruhr University Bochum (2nd supervisor)
  • 02/19 – present
  • M.Sc. Antonia Döring: Positive cognitions and posttraumatic stress symptoms, Ruhr University Bochum
  • 12/19 – present
  • M.Sc. Alexandra Kroj: Influence of imagery and verbalization on intrusive memories, Ruhr University Bochum
  • 02/17 – present
  • M.Sc. Felix Würtz: Different pathways to PTSD and depression after trauma – a matter of interpretation, Ruhr University Bochum
  • 02/17 – 07/20
  • Dr. Lisa Zahler: Indirect assessment of interpretation bias in panic disorder and female sexual dysfunction: Psychometric properties and implications for theory, Ruhr University Bochum



    Awards & Grants & Prizes Zum Seitenanfang

  • 2021 
  • Principal Investigator of a project within the SFB 1280 "Extinction Learning" awarded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG). Project title: “The impact of modification of stimulus-outcome contingencies on extinction and exposure in anxiety disorders.”
  • 2020 
  • Emmy Noether Stipend and Principal Investigator of an Emmy Noether Research Group, awarded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG). Project title: “Mechanisms of interpretation biases in anxiety – bridging experimental investigation and clinical translation.”
  • 2018 
  • APS Rising Star (Association for Psychological Science)
  • 2017, 2014
  • Travel Scholarships by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)
  • 2016
  • Research grant awarded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG): Project title: " The role of dysfunctional associations and interpretations in panic disorder: An etiological approach."
  • 2015
  • Selected as a member of the Global Young Faculty (Mercator Research Centre Ruhr)

    Postdoctoral Scholarship awarded by the Daimler and Benz Foundation. Project title: "Improving outcomes of cognitive behavioural therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder via augmentation with computerized appraisal training"
  • 2012
  • Elisabeth Frye Stipendium, an annual award of the Radboud University Nijmegen which is given to the most promising and talented female PhD-students of that year
  • 2011
  • Travel Scholarship by the European Foundation for Alcohol Research (ERAP)
  • 2010
  • Prins Bernhard Cultuurfonds award to finance my research visit in Australia
  • 2008
  • Best Master thesis of the Behavioural Science Research Master Program
  • 2007
  • Huygens Scholarship Program Talent Grant to finance my research internship in the United Kingdom




    Publications  Zum Seitenanfang

    Peer Reviewed


    Dempsey-Jones, H., Dempsey-Jones, H., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Browning, M., Makin, T., Woud, M.L., Harmer, C.J., ... & Reinecke, A. (2021). Human perceptual learning is delayed by the NMDA receptor partial agonist D-cycloserine. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 35, 253-264.

    Würtz, F., Krans, J., Blackwell, S.E., Cwik, J.C., Margraf, J., & Woud, M.L. (in press). Using cognitive bias modification-appraisal training to manipulate appraisals about the self and the world in analog trauma. Cognitive Therapy and Research.

    Woud, M.L., Blackwell, S.E., Shkreli, L., Würtz, F., Cwik, J.C., Margraf, J., … & Kessler, H. (2021). The effects of modifying dysfunctional appraisals in post-traumatic stress disorder using a form of cognitive bias modification: Results of a randomized controlled trial in an inpatient setting. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 1-17.

    Zahler, L., Meyers, M., Woud, M.L., Blackwell, S.E., Margraf, J., & Velten, J. (2021). Using three indirect measures to assess the role of sexuality-related associations and interpretations for women’s sexual desire: An Internet-based experimental study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 1-14.



    Blackwell, S.E., Dooley, D., Würtz, F., Woud, M.L., & Margraf, J. (2020) Inducing positive involuntary mental imagery in everyday life: An experimental investigation. Memory, 28, 1157-1172.

    Meyer, T., Brewin, C.R., King, J.A, Nijmeijer, D., Woud, M.L., & Becker, E.S. (2020). Arresting visuospatial stimulation is insufficient to disrupt analogue traumatic intrusions. PLOS One, 15, e0228416

    Shkreli, L.*, Woud, M.L.*, Kroj, A.E., Waldhauser, G.T., Kumsta R., & Reinecke, A. (2020). Angiotensin involvement in trauma processing – Exploring candidate neurocognitive mechanisms of preventing posttraumatic stress symptoms. Neuropsychopharmacology, 45, 507-514. * The authors contributed equally.

    Spies, J., Woud, M.L., Kessler, H., Rau, H., & Cwik, J.C. (2020). Psychometric properties of the German version of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) in clinical routine settings: study design and protocol of a multitrait-multimethod study. BMJ Open, 10, e036078. IF: 2.496

    Zahler, L., Sommer, K., Reinecke, A., Wilhelm, F.H., Margraf, J., & Woud, M.L. (2020). Cognitive vulnerability in the context of panic: Assessment of panic-related associations and interpretations in individuals with varying levels of anxiety sensitivity. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 44, 858-873



    Blackwell, S.E., Woud, M.L., Margraf, J., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2019). Introducing the leapfrog design: A simple Bayesian adaptive rolling trial design for accelerated treatment development and optimization. Clinical Psychological Science, 6, 1222-1243.

    Cwik, J.C., Vahle, N., Woud, M.L., Potthoff, D., Kessler, H., Sartory, G., & Seitz, R.J. (2019). Reduced Gray Matter Volume in the Left Prefrontal, Occipital, and Temporal Regions as Predictors for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Voxel-Based Morphometric Study. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience. 1-2.

    De Kleine, R.A., Woud, M.L., Ferentzi, H., Hendriks, G.J., Broekman, T., Becker, E.S., & Van Minnen, A. (2019). Appraisal-based cognitive bias modification in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder: a randomised clinical trial. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 10, 1625690.

    McNally, R. J., & Woud, M. L. (2019). Innovations in the study of appraisals and PTSD. A commentary. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 43, 295-302.

    Pulcu, E., Shkreli, L., Guzman Holst, C., Woud, M.L., Craske, M., Browning, M., & Reinecke A. (2019). The effects of the angiotensin II receptor antagonist losartan on appetitive versus aversive learning: A randomized controlled trial. Biological Psychiatry, 5, 397-404..

    Raeder, F., Woud, M. L., Schneider, S., Totzeck, C., Adolph, D., Margraf, J., & Zlomuzica, A. (2019). Reactivation and evaluation of mastery experiences promotes exposure benefit in height phobia. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 43, 948-958.

    Salemink, E., Woud, M.L., Roos, M., Wiers, R.W., & Lindgren, K. (2019). Reducing alcohol-related interpretive bias in negative affect situations: Using a scenario-based Cognitive Bias Modification training paradigm. Addictive Behaviors, 88, 106-113.

    Velten, J., Blackwell., S. E., Margraf, J., & Woud, M. L. (2019). Assessing cognitive appraisals related to sexual function: A scenario-based approach. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 48, 781-794.  doi: 10.1007/s10508-019-1398-5.

    Woud, M.L., Cwik, J.C., De Kleine, R., Blackwell, S.E., & Margraf, J. (2019). Assessing trauma-related appraisals indirectly by means of a scenario-based approach. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 43, 185-198.

    Woud, M.L., Heeren, A., Shkreli, L., Meyer, T., Egeri, L., Cwik, J.C., Zlomuzica, A., Kessler, H., & Margraf, J. (2019). Investigating the effect of proactive interference control training on intrusive memories. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 10(1), 1611092.

    Woud, M. L., Kleim, B., & Cwik, J. C. (2019). Editorial for the Special Issue on negative appraisals in trauma: Current status and future directions for research. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 43, 139-142.



    Blackwell, S.E., Westermann, K., Woud, M.L., Cwik, J.C., Neher, T., Graz, C., Nyhuis, P.W., Margraf., J. (2018). Computerized positive mental imagery training versus cognitive contorl training versus treatment as usual in inpatient menthal health settings: study protocol for a randomized controlled feasibility trial. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 4:133.
    doi: 10.1186/s40814-018-0325-1.

    Glaser, T., Woud, M.L., Islander, M.L., Schmalenstroth, V., Vo, T.M. (2018). Positive, negative, or all relative? Evaluative conditioning of ambivalence. Acta Psychologica, 185, 155-165.

    Woud, M. L., Blackwell, S. E., Cwik, J. C., Margraf, J., Holmes, E. A., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Herpertz, S.,... & Kessler, H. (2018). Augmenting inpatient treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder with a computerised cognitive bias modification procedure targeting appraisals (CBM-App): protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ open, 8(6), e019964.

    Woud, M.L., Blackwell, S. E., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Browning, M., Holmes, E. A., Harmer, C. J., ... & Reinecke, A. (2018). Investigating d-cycloserine as a potential pharmacological enhancer of an emotional bias-learning procedure. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 32(5), 569-577.

    Woud, M.L., J.C. Cwik, B. Kleim, S.E. Blackwell, E.A. Holmes, D. Adolph, H. Zhang, & J. Margraf (2018). Does napping enhance the effects of Cognitive Bias Modification Appraisal training?  An experimental study. PloS one, 13, e0192837.

    Woud, M.L., Zlomuzica, A., Cwik, J.C., Margraf, J., Shkreli, L., Blackwell, S.E., Gladwin, T.E., & Ehring, T. (2018). Effects of appraisal training on responses to a distressing autobiographical event. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 56, 26-34.

    Zhang, X., Woud, M.L., Becker, E.S., & Margraf, J. (2018). Do health‐related factors predict major depression? A longitudinal epidemiologic study. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 2018, 25, 378–387.

    Zlomuzica, A., Preusser, F., Roberts, S., Woud, M. L., Lester, K., Dere, E., ... & Margraf, J. (2018). The role of KIBRA in reconstructive episodic memory. Molecular Medicine, 24, 7.

    Zlomuzica, A., Woud, M.L., Machulska, A., Kleimt, K., Dietrich, L., Wolf, O. T., ... & Margraf, J. (2018). Deficits in episodic memory and mental time travel in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 83, 42-54.



    Blackwell, S. E., Woud, M. L., & MacLeod, C. (2017). A question of control? Examining the role of control conditions in experimental psychopathology using the example of cognitive bias modification research. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 20. e54.

    Hutschemaekers, M.H., Woud, M.L., Becker, E.S., Rinck, M. (2017). Reducing alcohol-related interpretation biases in young hazardous drinkers by Cognitive Bias Modification–Interpretation Training. SUCHT, 62, 366–373.

    Maas, J., Woud, M.L., Keijsers, G., Rinck, M., Becker, E.S., & Wiers, R.W. (2017). The attraction of sugar: An association between body mass index and impaired avoidance of sweet snacks. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 7, 1-20.

    Woud, M.L., Verwoerd, J.R.L., & Krans, J. (2017). Modification of Cognitive Biases related to posttraumatic stress: A systematic review and research agenda. Clinical Psychology Review, 54, 81–95.

    Zhang, X.C., Kuchinke, L., Woud, M. L., Velten, J., & Margraf, J. (2017). Survey method matters: Online/offline questionnaires and face-to-face or telephone interviews differ. Computers in Human Behavior, 71, 172-180.



    Markus, W., de Weert-van Oene, G., Woud, M.L., Becker, E.S., & de Jong, C. (2016). Are addiction-related memories malleable by working memory competition? Transient effects on memory vividness and nicotine craving in a randomized lab experiment. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 52, 83-91.

    Woud, M.L., Becker, E.S., Rinck, M., Harmer, C.J., & Reinecke, A. (2016). Assessment of automatic associations with bodily sensations and agoraphobic situations in panic disorder. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 52, 105-109.

    Woud, M.L., Maas, J., Wiers, R.W., Becker, E.S., & Rinck, M. (2016). Assessment of tobacco-related approach and attentional biases in smokers, cravers, ex-smokers, and non-smokers. Frontiers in Psychology, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00172.

    Woud, M.L., Salemink, E., Gladwin, T.E., Wiers, R.W., Becker, S.E., Lindenmeyer, L., Rinck, M. (2016). Alcohol homograph priming in alcohol-dependent inpatients. SUCHT, 62, 217–224.

    Woud, M.L., Zhang, X.C., Becker, E.S., Zlumozica, A., & Margraf, J. (2016). Catastrophizing misinterpretations predict somatoform-related symptoms and new onsets of somatoform disorders. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 81, 31-37.



    Kersbergen, I., Woud, M.L., & Field, M. (2015). The validity of different measures of automatic alcohol action tendencies. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 29, 225-230.

    Woud, M.L., Becker, E.S., Rinck, M., & Salemink, E. (2015). The relationship between drinking motives and alcohol-related interpretation biases. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 47, 102-110.

    Woud, M.L., Hutschemaekers, M.M.H., Rinck, M., & Becker, E.S. (2015). The manipulation of alcohol-related interpretation biases by means of cognitive bias modification – interpretation (CBM-I). Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 49, 61-68.



    Woud, M.L. & Becker, E.S. (2014). Editorial for the special issue on cognitive bias modification techniques: An introduction to a time traveller’s tale. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 38, 1-6.

    Woud, M.L., Pawelczak, S., Rinck, M., Lindenmeyer, J., Souren, P., Wiers, R.W., & Becker,
    E.S. (2014). Alcohol-related interpretation bias in alcohol-dependent patients. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research,38, 1151-1159.

    Woud, M.L., Zhang, X.C., Becker, E.S., McNally, R.J., & Margraf, J. (2014). Don’t panic: Interpretation bias is predictive of new onsets of panic disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28, 83-87.



    Rinck, M., & Telli, S., Kampmann, I. L., Woud, M. L., Kerstholt, M., te Velthuis, S., Wittkowski, M., Becker, E. S. (2013). Training Approach-Avoidance of Smiling Faces Affects Emotional Vulnerability in Socially Anxious Individuals. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 1-6.

    Woud, M. L., Becker, E. S., Lange, W. G., & Rinck, M. (2013). To like or not to like: The effect of approach-avoidance training on neutral, angry and smiling face stimuli. Psychological Reports, 113, 199-216.

    Woud, M. L. & Krans, J. (2013). Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM) technieken bij posttraumatische stresstoornis (PTSS): Eerste bevindingen en toekomstige perspectieven. Directieve Therapie, 33, 170-187.

    Woud, M. L.
    , Maas, J., Becker, E. S., & Rinck, M. (2013). Make the manikin move: Symbolic approach-avoidance responses induce implicit and explicit evaluation bias. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 25, 738-744.

    Woud, M. L.
    , Postma, P., Holmes, E. A., & Mackintosh, B. (2013). Reducing analogue trauma symptoms by computerized cognitive reappraisal training – Considering a cognitive prophylaxis? Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 44, 312-315.

    Woud, M. L.
    , Wiers, R. W., Pawelczak, S., Becker, E. S., Lindenmeyer, J., & Rinck, M. (2013). Does negative affect prime alcohol in addicted inpatients? A large-scale clinical investigation of the moderating role of depression and executive control. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 3, 279–290.



    Scheibner, H., & Woud, M. L. (2012). Mit dem Joystick gegen die Abhängigkeit: Computer-Gestützte Trainings zur Rückfallprävention. Konturen, 3, 15-20.

    Woud, M. L., Fitzgerald, D. A., Wiers, R. W., Rinck, M., & Becker, E. S. (2012). ‘Getting into the spirit’: Interpretation bias in heavy drinking students. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 26, 627–632.

    Woud, M. L.
    , Holmes, E. A., Postma, P., Dalgleish, T., & Mackintosh, B. (2012). Ameliorating intrusive memories of distressing experiences using computerized reappraisal training. Emotion, 12, 778-784.



    Woud, M. L., Anschutz, D., van Strien, T., & Becker, E. S. (2011). Thinspiration and fear of fat: A matter of approach avoidance. Appetite, 56, 451-455.

    Woud, M. L., Becker, E. S., & Rinck, M. (2011). Induction of implicit evaluation biases by approach avoidance training: A commentary to Vandenbosch & De Houwer. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 1331-1338.

    Woud, M. L.
    , Ellwart, T., Rinck, M., & Becker, E. S. (2011). Task-irrelevant spider associations affect categorization performance. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 42, 309-316.



    Müller, B. C. N, van Baaren, R. B., Ritter, S. M., Woud, M. L., Bergmann, H., Harakeh, Z., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2009). Tell me why…The influence of self-involvement on short term smoking behaviour. Addictive Behaviors, 34, 427-43.



    Woud, M.L., Becker, E.S., & Rinck, M. (2008). Implicit evaluation bias induced by approach and avoidance. Cognition and Emotion, 22, 1187-1197. (But please see correction: Cognition and Emotion, 25, 1309-1310).



    Book chapters Zum Seitenanfang

    Keijsers, G. P. J., Woud, M. L., & Becker, E. S. (2009). Psychotherapie en verandering van impliciete mentale processen. In S. Colijn, S. Bögels, & W. Trijsburg (eds), Leerboek Psychotherapie. De Tijdstroom: Utrecht.

    Krans, J., Woud, M. L., Näring, G., Becker, E. S., & Holmes, E. A. (2010). Exploring involuntary recall in post-traumatic stress disorder from an information processing perspective. In J.H. Mace (Eds.). The act of remembering: Toward an understanding how we recall the past. Wiley-Blackwell: Malden, U.S.A.


    Diagnostic instruments

    Cwik, J.C., Woud, M.L. & Schnyder, U. (2020). German version of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5). Interview available from the Mental Health Research and Treatment Center Bochum at https://www.kli.psy.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/klipsy/projekte/CAPS5.html




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